(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl3962\margr2385\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn3962\margrsxn2385\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li140\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx1836 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-15\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 124{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-4 THE BATTLE OF KARRI}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li140\fi0\ri119\sb227\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 elephants formed a sort of front wall, and behind them \expndtw16 stood the foot-soldiers. The cavalry protected the \expndtw9 flanks and in front of the horsemen -were the chariots. \expndtw11 As Alexander viewed the equipment of Indian forces \expndtw6 and their disposition in the Karri plain,\super 1\nosupersub  he was cons\-\expndtw10 trained to remark : "I see at last a danger that matches}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li151\fi-151\ri94\sb4\sa0\sl-238\slmult0\tx1109\tx2128 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw18\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 /my courage. It is at once with wild beasts and men\line \expndtw16 of uncommon mettle that the contest now lies/'\super 2\nosupersub  In\line \expndtw9 the engagement which opened with the furious charges\line \expndtw10 of Macedonian horsemen, Indians fought with great\line \expndtw17 vigour, and, as Plutarch says, "obstinately main\-\line \expndtw13 tained" their ground till the eighth hour of the day,\super 3\line \nosupersub\expndtw11 but eventually the fates turned against them. The main\line \i\expndtw0\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'84{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\sub\expndtw-2\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 c\nosupersub  \i0 ,,{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw8 strength of Poros lay in the chariots,}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li162\fi0\ri0\sb22\sa0\sl-234\slmult0\tx2124 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-19\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 defeat\super 5\nosupersub "\super 8{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw16 "each of which was drawn by four}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li173\fi1951\ri54\sb0\sa0\sl-234\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 horses and carried six men, of whom \expndtw5 two were shield-bearers, two, archers posted on each side \expndtw7 of the chariot, and the other two, charioteers, as well as \expndtw6 men-at-arms, for when the fighting was at close quarters \expndtw8 they dropped the reins and hurled dart after dart against \expndtw10 the enemy."\super 4\nosupersub  On this particular day, however, these \expndtw4 chariots were of no use at all, for the violent storm of rain \expndtw9 "had made the ground slippery, and unfit for horses to \expndtw7 ride over, while the chariots' kept sticking in the muddy \expndtw11 sloughs formed by the rain, and proved almost im* \expndtw13 movable ^ from their great weight."\super 5\nosupersub  Besides, owing \expndtw10 to the slippery condition of the ground it became diffi-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li227\fi-194\ri0\sb4\sa0\sl-234\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw13\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 y\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'a3\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 ult for the archers to rest their long and heavy bows \expndtw14 on it and discharge arrows quickly and with effect.\super 6}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li590\fi0\ri0\sb245\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1\nosupersub  B.H.I., 4th ed., pp. 69, 88.}\par {\pntext\pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li594\fi0\ri0\sb36\sa0\sl-180\slmult0\tx713 \b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20  *\tab}\pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li594\fi0\ri0\sb36\sa0\sl-180\slmult0\tx713 \f2\fs20{\*\pn\pnlvlblt\pnstart-1\pnindent119\pnf2{\pntxtb *}}\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 {\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 Curtius VIII, 14, M'crindle's \i Invasion by Alexander, \i0 p. 209.\line \super\expndtw1 3\nosupersub  Plutarch, Ch. LX, \i Ibid., \i0 p. 308.}\par {\pntext\pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li594\fi0\ri0\sb11\sa0\sl-180\slmult0\tx713 \b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20  *\tab}\pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li594\fi0\ri0\sb11\sa0\sl-180\slmult0\tx713 \f2\fs20{\*\pn\pnlvlblt\pnstart-1\pnindent119\pnf2{\pntxtb *}}\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 {\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 Curtius, VIH, 14, \i Ibid., \i0 p. 207.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li601\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-180\slmult0\tx709 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\super\cf1\charscalex68\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs19 5{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\charscalex100\expndtw5 Ibid., \i0 p. 208.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li220\fi382\ri0\sb47\sa0\sl-194\slmult0\tx709 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 6{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw4 Arrian deposes that the bow "is made of equal length with\line \expndtw2 u\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'bb\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0  man who bears it.   This they rest upon the ground, and press\-\line \expndtw1 ing against it with their left foot thus discharge the arrow   having}\par }